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2019届高考英语知识点专题复习My First Day at&a

2021-03-16 来源:未知   作者:未知

myfirstdayatseniorhigh 我上高中的第一天

ⅰ.单项填空
1.yourperformanceinthedrivingtestdidn’treachtherequiredstandard,________,youfailed.
a.intheend          b.afterall
c.inotherwords      d.atthesametime
2.therewillbeadiscussiontomorrow,allthosewhowantto________,pleaseraiseyourhands.
a.join        b.takepart
c.takeapart       d.takepartin
3.ourbodiesarestrengthenedbytakingexercise.________,ourmindsaredevelopedbylearning.
a.probably       b.likely
c.similarly       d.generally
4.________greatfunitistohaveaswimonsuchahotday!
a.what    b.whata  c.how   d.howa
5.seeingthe________tiger,thegirlstoodtherewitha________lookonherface.
a.frightening;frightened    b.frightened;frightening
c.frightening;frightening    d.frightened;frighten
6.—tomhadagoodtimeattheparty.
—________,and________.
a.sohehad;sodidi     b.sohadhe;soidid
c.sohedid;sodidi     d.sodidhe;soidid
7.hehardlybelievesthatthegirloverthereisafamousscientist,________?
a.isshe    b.isn’tshe  c.doesn’the  d.doeshe
8.thetrain________forbeijingat8∶30.wemusthurryup.
a.willleave   b.left   c.leaves   d.hasleft
9.iwassearchingfor________informationon________internetwhensuddenlythepowerwasoff.
a.an;an    b.an;the  c./;the  d./;/
10.tomknowslittlejapanese,sohecan’tunderstandthe________onthebottleofthepills.
a.explanations       b.instructions
c.descriptions       d.regulations
11.themomentihadbeenlookingforwardto________atlast.youcan’timaginehowexcitedifelt!
a.came    b.coming  c.come   d.comes
12.thefixedpriceofthiscomputerhasdecreasedby1,000yuancomparedwith________oflastyear.
a.it     b.that   c.one   d.those
13.thisbookissaidtobeaspecialone,which________manyeventsthatcannotbefoundinotherhistorybooks.8页,当前第1页12345678
a.covers    b.writes  c.prints   d.reads
14.afterthenewmethodwasused,thefactorymade________suitsinXXastheyearbefore.
a.astwicemany      b.asmanytwice
c.twiceasmany      d.twicemanyas
15.idon’tsupposetheywillobjecttomysuggestion,________?
a.won’ti       b.won’tthey
c.willthey       d.doi
ⅱ.完形填空
(XX届武汉重点中学高三联考)
  itwasabusymorning,approximately8∶30a.m.,whenanelderlygentlemaninhis80sarrivedtohavestitches(手术缝线)__1__fromhisthumb.hestatedthathewasinahurryashehadanappointmentat9∶00a.m..
itookhisvitalsigns(健康状况征兆)andhadhimtakeaseat,__2__itwouldbeoveranhour__3__someonewouldbeabletoseehim.isawhimlookathis__4__anddecided,sinceiwasnotbusywithanotherpatient,iwould__5__hiswound.
onexam,itwellhealed,soitalkedtooneofthedoctors,gottheneeded__6__totakehissutures(缝合线)awayandredresshiswound.
whiletakingcareofhiswound,webeganto__7__inconversation.iaskedhimifhehadanotherdoctor’s__8__thismorning,ashewasinsuchahurry.thegentlemantoldmeno,butheneededtogotothenursinghometoeatbreakfastwithhiswife.
ithenaskedabouther__9__.hetoldmethatshehadbeenthereforawhileandthatshewasa__10__ofalzheimer’sdisease(老年痴呆症).aswetalked,iaskedifshewouldbe__11__ifhewasabitlate.herepliedthatshehadnot__12__himforfiveyears.
iwassurprised,andaskedhim,“andyoustillgothereeverymorning,__13__shedoesn’tknowwhoyouare?”he__14__ashepattedmyhandandsaid,“shedoesn’tknowme,__15__istillknowwhosheis.”ihadto__16__tearsasheleft,thinking,“that’sthekindofloveiwantinmy__17__.”
trueloveisnotjustromantic.trueloveisanacceptanceofallthatis,hasbeen,willbeandwillnotbe.thehappiestpeopledon’t__18__havethebestofeverything;theyjust__19__thebestofeverythingtheyhave.
lifeisn’tabouthowto__20__thestorm,buthowtodanceintherain. 1.a.moved         b.protected
c.separated       d.removed
2.a.knowing      b.hoping
c.expecting       d.imaging
3.a.unless        b.until8页,当前第2页12345678
c.before         d.when
4.a.wound       b.watch
c.thumb         d.hand
5.a.cover        b.cure
c.check          d.heal
6.a.supplies      b.medicine
c.services        d.operations
7.a.join         b.engage
c.include         d.break
8.a.appointment     b.remark
c.warning           d.advice
9.a.information      b.treatment
c.position          d.health
10.a.victim        b.loser
c.winner          d.model
11.a.serious       b.curious
c.upset           d.happy
12.a.realized       b.seen
c.recognized      d.minded
13.a.asif            b.eventhough
c.nowthat         d.incase
14.a.smiled        b.agreed
c.shouted           d.whispered
15.a.and            b.so
c.as                d.but
16.a.burstinto        b.shutdown
c.holdback          d.takeback
17.a.work           b.experience
c.life               d.day
18.a.completely     b.necessarily
c.steadily          d.generally
19.a.take           b.make
c.share             d.give8页,当前第3页12345678
20.a.compete        b.prevent
c.obey              d.survive
ⅲ.阅读理解
(XX届英语周报第1期)
ateighteenyearsofage,iflewuptosanfranciscotomeetapenpalwhoihadwrittentoforoverayear.thefirstthingwedidwhenwegothomewastobake(烘焙)chocolatechipcookies,andourstrong_tieswereformed.fromlaughingattheburntcookies,toeatingthechocolatechipsinsteadofputtingtheminthedough(生面团),itwasfantastic.webecamebestfriends.twelveyearslater,westillreflectonthatmoment,andlaughwithsillinessandjoy.
fastforwardtoXX,iwasinmyfirstmonthoftraininginradiationoncology(放射肿瘤学),andscared.iwasinanewcity,alone,andafraidofhavingtomakeanewstart.onepatientthatweweretreatingusedtocomeintothedepartmentwithfreshlybakedgoodsforeveryoneonceaweekwithasmileonherface.shewastreatedwithareallytoughregimen(疗法)forhercancer,yetshestillovercamethepainandexhaustion(精疲力竭)tobakeforthedepartment.ionceaskedherwhy,andshesaiditgaveherpurposeandmeaning.
thispurposewasfargreaterformethanasimplecookie.ireallydidn’tknowhowtobake,anditoldherthat.shetheninvitedmetoherhomeforlessons.withherasaguideilearnedsomeoftheartofbaking.whilebakingwetalkedaboutlife,regrets,anddreams.wesoonbecameveryclosefriends.
afewweekslater,herhusbandcametothedepartmentandgavemealargeboxwithahandwrittennote.iopenedthebox.insidewasakitchenaidmixer,andthenotesaying,“pleaseremembermewhenyoubake,keepatitandyou’llchangetheworld.”hetoldmethathercancerhadspread.shewasinherfinalstagesoflife.icriedandcried.itwassimplythemostgenerousgiftthatihadeverreceived.
1.whatdotheunderlinedwords“strongties”inparagraph1referto?
a.cookingskills.    b.closefriendship.
c.firstimpression.    d.exerciseprogram.
2.whichofthefollowingcanbeusedtodescribethepatient?
a.honestandloyal.
b.cleverandactive.
c.warm­heartedandgenerous.
d.confidentandindependent.
3.theunderlinedwordinparagraph2refersto________.
a.thetoughregimen
b.bakingforthedepartment
c.thepainandexhaustion
d.thecancer
4.afterreceivingthegift,theauthorprobablyfelt________.
a.verypleasedandhonored8页,当前第4页12345678
b.abitdisappointedandconfused
c.quiteexcitedandsatisfied
d.deeplymovedandsad
5.whichofthefollowingcanbethebesttitleforthepassage?
a.bakingcanbuildafriendship
b.afriendisasecondself
c.whenyourfriendsfacedifficulty
d.fineartofmakingfriends
ⅳ.阅读表达
(XX年潍坊检测)
theriseoftheso­called“boomeranggeneration(回巢族)”isreportedinofficialfiguresshowingthatalmostoneinfivegraduatesintheirlate20snowlivewiththeirparents.bycontrast,onlyoneineightuniversitygraduateshadfailedtoflythenestbythesameage20yearsago,researchfromtheofficefornationalstatistics(ons)shows.
italsofoundthatgrown­upsonsaretwiceaslikelyastheirsisterstostillbelivingwiththeirparentsintheirlate20s.
withnearlyaquarterofmenapproaching30stilllivingathome,thefindingsareboundtoleadtotheclaimofa “generationofmummy’sboys”.
risinghousingprices,increasingstudentdebtsandtheeffectsofdepressiononthejobmarkethaveforcedawaveofyoungpeopletomovebackintothefamilyhomeatanagewhentheywouldnormally________.
youngprofessionalsintheirlate20sorearly30shavebeencalledthe“boomeranggeneration”becauseofthetrendtowardreturningtothefamilyhome.
recentresearchhassuggestedthatyoungpeopleinbritainaretwicelikelytochoosetolivewiththeirparentsintheirlate20sthantheircounterpartselsewhereineurope.
but_experts_warned_that_the_phenomenon_may_have_more_to_do_with_young_people_facing_dark_future_than_simply_a_desire_to_save_money.
whilethepercentageofthoseofuniversityorcollegeagemovingoutfromthefamilyhomehascontinuedtoriseinthelast20years,amongthoseintheirmidandlate20sthetrendhasreversed.
overall1.7millionpeopleagedfrom22to29nowsharearoofwiththeirparents,includingmorethan760,000intheirlate20s,theonsfiguressuggest.
1.whatisthemainideaofthepassage?(pleaseanswerwithin15words)
________________________________________________________________________
2.whichsentenceinthepassagecanbereplacedbythefollowingone?
thesurveyshowedthatthenumberofyoungmenlivinginthefamilyhomeprobablydoublesthatofyoungwomenin theirlate20s.
________________________________________________________________________
3.fillintheblankinthefourthparagraphwithproperwordsorphrasestocompletethesentence.(pleaseanswerwithin5words)8页,当前第5页12345678
________________________________________________________________________
4.listthreefactorsthathavedrivenyoungpeoplebackhomeagainbasedonthepassage.(pleaseanswerwithin5wordseach)
(1)________________________________________________________________________
(2)________________________________________________________________________
(3)________________________________________________________________________
5.translatetheunderlinedsentenceintheseventhparagraphintochinese.
________________________________________________________________________

答案:
ⅰ.单项填空
1.c 根据本句的意思判断此处前后说的是一个意思,表现没有达到要求的标准也就意味着失败。
2.b 动词词组辨析。join“参加”表示加入某一团体和组织,成为其中一员。takepartin参加活动。根据句意“想参加明天的讨论的请举手”可知要用takepartin,但in必须有宾语,所以本题要选takepart。
3.c 句中是将ourminds与ourbodies相类比。因此,应用“相似地,类似地。”
4.a 此题中fun为不可数名词,所以感叹句要用what来引导。
5.a thefrighteningtiger令人害怕的老虎,说明老虎的特征;后一空中被修饰词是look表情,虽不直接修饰人,但look是小女孩的心理活动的一个外在表现,所以体现人的感受,要用­ed形式的形容词来修饰。
6.c 考查so引导的固定句式,so+主语+助动词/系动词/情态动词,指“的确如此”。so+助动词/系动词/情态动词+主语,指“某人也是如此”。句意为:——汤姆在晚会上玩得很快乐。——的确如此,我也玩得很快乐。
7.d 此句主语是第三人称,进行反意疑问句时,要与主句的主语和谓语动词保持一致。hardly为否定词,所以反意疑问句要用肯定形式。
8.c 按计划或按时刻表将要发生的动作,一般用一般现在时表将来,常见的动词有:arrive,begin,come,go,leave,start,stay等。
9.c information为不可数名词,其前不用不定冠词;internet为专有名词,其前用定冠词。
10.b instruction指示;说明。explanation解释;description描述;regulation法规。句意为“汤姆几乎不懂日语,所以他看不懂药瓶上的说明”。
11.a lookforwardto意为“盼望”,后跟动词­ing形式,但空白处为句子的谓语。ihadbeenlookingforwardto作定语,修饰主语themoment,根据定语从句所用的过去完成进行时态,可知此处需用一般过去时。
12.b 代词that指上文出现过的单数可数名词或不可数名词,表特指,其复数形式用those;one用来指代上文出现过的单数可数名词,表示泛指,其复数形式为ones;it用来指代具体的、特定的东西。句子的主语thefixedprice是单数可数名词且是特指,故用that。句意为“这台电脑的定价,较去年下降了1000元”。
13.a 句意为:据说这是一本很特别的书,里面包含了许多别的历史书上找不到的历史事件。cover包含,包括。
14.c 本题考查倍数表达法中“...倍数+asmany/much+n.+as...”结构。句意为“这家工厂采用新方法后,XX年生产的服装数量是其前一年的两倍”。8页,当前第6页12345678
15.c 如果主句谓语动词是think,suppose,believe,imagine,expect,appear,calculate等,且主语是第一人称,其后的宾语从句含有否定意义时,一般要把否定词转移到主句的谓语动词上,而从句的谓语使用肯定式。这类句子的附加疑问句应和从句的主谓语保持一致,并使用肯定形式。
ⅱ.完形填空
【语篇解读】 本文为记叙文,讲述了作者在诊所中与一位就诊老人的对话。老人对妻子的爱使作者懂得“生命的意义在于如何在雨中起舞”。
1.d 此处意为:将他拇指上的手术缝线拆除,remove去掉,符合语境。该题同时考查了havesth.done的用法。
2.a 现在分词knowing在此作伴随状语,表示“知道”,符合语意:我查看了他的生命体征,并让他坐下,知道一个小时后才会有人给他处理。
3.c itwouldbe+时间段+before+从句,表示多长时间后才会……。
4.b 他不停地看手表,上文的inahurry有暗示,从下文“我”决定为他处理伤口也可以推出答案。
5.c 这里是指“我”决定检查他的伤口,从第三段可知答案。
6.a “我”拿了手术必需品,给他拆除手术缝线并处理他的伤口。supply必需品,符合语境。
7.b 在处理他的伤口的时候,我们开始了谈话。engagein参加,从事,符合语境。join加入,include包括,break打破,都不符合语境。
8.a 上文提到他说自己另外有约会,故作者这样问他。
9.d 根据下文老人对妻子健康状况的介绍可知,“我”问的是老人妻子的身体状况如何。
10.a 老人的妻子是老年痴呆症患者。victim受害者,罹病者。
11.c “我”问老人,如果迟到一会儿,她会不会不高兴。upset不高兴,难过,符合语境。
12.c recognizesb.认出某人。由下文的shedoesn’tknowme可知答案。
13.b eventhough虽然,尽管,引导让步状语从句。即使她不认得你了,你还天天早晨去看她?
14.a smile表明一种态度,即快乐,他微笑着并拍着“我”的手说。
15.d 前后为转折关系。“她不认得我了,但我还认识她啊!”
16.c 老人离开的时候,“我”强忍住泪水,心想,“这就是我的人生中想得到的爱啊。”
17.c
18.b necessarily必要地,必需地。最快乐的人并不一定拥有一切美好的事物。
19.b makethebestof尽力而为,是固定搭配。
20.d survive幸存,挺过。生命(的意义)不在于如何度过风雨,而是如何在雨中起舞。这是作者感悟的一个升华。
ⅲ.阅读理解
【语篇解读】 友情有时候是“烘焙”而成的,作者的两段友情就都与“烘焙”有关。
1.b 词义推断题。根据第一段第四句webecamebestfriends可推断,strongties可能是指“紧密的友谊”。tie此处意为“关系”。
2.c 推理判断题。那位病人不顾自己的病痛,坚持为医生们制作小点心,而且主动邀请作者到家里学习烘焙,可见她很热心,很慷慨。
3.b 指代题。从第二段最后两句话可知此处的it指代“为医生们烘焙点心”。
4.d 推理判断题。收到这样一个特殊的礼物,作者一定会非常感动;根据文章倒数第二句icriedandcried可知,作者当时非常难过。
5.a 标题归纳题。作者讲了两个关于友谊的故事,都与烘焙点心有关,a项标题准确地概括了全文。
ⅳ.阅读表达8页,当前第7页12345678
1.boomeranggenerationisincreasing./boomeranggenerationisontherise./increasingnumbersofgraduatesarereturningtolivewiththeirparents.
2.italsofoundthatgrown­upsonsaretwiceaslikelyastheirsisterstostillbelivingwiththeirparentsintheirlate20s.
3.moveout/leavehome
4.(1)highhousingprices/risinghousingprices
(2)heavy/increasingstudentdebts (3)difficultyinfindingjobs/depressiononthejobmarket
5.但专家提醒说,导致这一现象的原因并非只是这些年轻人想节约开支,更多的是因为他们所面临的惨淡前景。

8页,当前第8页12345678
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